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Table 1 Heritability estimates for EEG/ERP traits*

From: From genotype to EEG endophenotype: a route for post-genomic understanding of complex psychiatric disease?

EEG/ERP trait Heritability estimates References
Power α band 86-96% [3032]
Power θ band 80-90% [30, 32]
Power β band 70-82% [30, 32]
Peak frequency α band 71-83% [33, 34]
Path length α band 48-68% [31]
Cluster coefficient β band 25-40% [31]
Path length β band 29-42% [31]
Cluster coefficient α band 37-45% [31]
Long range temporal correlations α band 47% [35]
Long range temporal correlations β band 42% [35]
Frontal EEG asymmetry α band 1-37% [36]
P50 amplitude attenuation 34% [47]
N1 amplitude attenuation 45% [47]
P2 amplitude attenuation 54% [47]
Mismatch negativity 58% [37]
Posterior N1 amplitude 50% [38]
Posterior N1 latency 45% [38]
Anterior N1 amplitude 22% [38]
Anterior N1 latency 43% [38]
Go/Nogo difference N2 amplitude 53% [39]
Error positivity 52% [40]
Error-related negativity 47% [40]
P3 amplitude 50-80% [37, 41, 42]
P3 latency 38-50% [37, 41, 42]
Onset lateralized readiness potential 54-62% [43]
Peak lateralized readiness potential latency 38-45% [43]
  1. *Data are from studies comparing the resemblance in monozygotic twins with that in dizygotic twins. If a measure was available at multiple electrodes, the electrodes with highest amplitude were selected. A range of heritabilities reflects either the variation in estimates across multiple studies or across multiple age groups within a single study.