Almost every organ in the body shows vulnerability in the ciliopathies. Most ciliopathies have overlapping clinical features in multiple organs. Cystic kidney and retinal defects are frequently observed. Skeletal dysplasia is predominantly seen in JATD, OFD1 and EVC. ALMS, Alström syndrome; BBS, Bardet-Biedl syndrome; CORS, cerebello-oculo-renal syndrome; EVC, Ellis-van Creveld syndrome; JATD, Jeune asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy; JBTS, Joubert syndrome; LCA, Leber congenital amaurosis; MKS, Meckel syndrome; NPHP, nephronophthisis; OFD1, oral-facial-digital syndrome type 1; PCD, primary ciliary dyskinesia; PKD, polycystic kidney disease.