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Table 2 Salient differences between previous models of citizen participation and wiki-governance

From: Designing a post-genomics knowledge ecosystem to translate pharmacogenomics into public health action

Previous models of citizen participation Wiki-governance
Web 1.0 or limited utilization of technology Web 2.0, social media and network-driven
Hierarchical Non-hierarchical
Crowd-sourcing Structured coordination and role differentiation
Procedure-driven deliberation Solution-driven collaboration
Publication of policies for possible comment Collaborative co-creation of policies
Selective reflection of values Inclusive reflection of multiple values
Limited (ongoing) communication channels Continuous feedback loop
Cacophonous and potentially frivolous contributions leading to 'tune-out' by innovation actors and failure Reputational metrics to foster tune-in, good participation practices and trust of meaningful contributors