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Table 1 East Asian centers and resources for human genomic research

From: ELSI practices in genomic research in East Asia: implications for research collaboration and public participation

Country Institutes conducting large-scale genomic researcha National human genome databases National biobanksb
China • Chinese National Human Genome Center, Shanghai (‘South Center’) • Pan-Asia Population SNP Database [20] • Human Genetic Resources Platform (2003–2007) [21]
  • Chinese National Human Genome Center, Beijing (‘North Center’) • 1000 Genomes Project • Kadoorie Study of Chronic Disease in China (KSCDC; 2004–2008) [22]
  • Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI), Shenzhen   • National Clinical Specimen Biobank (2011–2015) [23]
Indonesia • Biotechnology Research Centre of the Science Institute of Indonesia (LIPI) (Individual institution-wide databases only)  
  • Eijkman Institute   
  • Institute of Tropical Disease   
  • Consortium on Vaccine Research (16 universities and research institutions)   
Japan • University of Tokyo • Japanese Genotype-phenotype Archive (JGA) [24] • Biobank Japan (2003-) [25]
  • Yokohama City University • Japanese Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (JSNP) • National Center Biobank Network (NCBN; 2012-) [26]
: • RIKEN Center for Genomic Medicine (CGM) • Human Genome Variation Database (HGVD) • Tohoku Medical Megabank (ToMMo; 2012-)
  • Tohoku University • National Registry of Diseases Office (NRDO)  
  • National Cancer Center   
Singapore • Genome Institute of Singapore   
  • Bioinformatics Institute   
  • Bioprocessing Technology Institute   
  • National University of Singapore   
  • Nanyang Technological University   
  • National Cancer Centre   
  • Defence Science Office   
South Korea • Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) • Korean Genomic Variant Database (KGVDB) • Korea Biobank Project (KBP; 2008-; including Korea Biobank Network and National Biobank of Korea (NBK)) [27, 28]
Taiwan • Genomics Research Center (GRC), Academia Sinica   • Taiwan Biobank (2005-) [29]
  • National Health Research Institute (NHRI)   
  1. aA selection of major institutes is included.
  2. bCommencement year and termination year are shown in parentheses.