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Table 4 Median and 25 %/75 % quantiles of the measured biomarkers

From: The influence of a short-term gluten-free diet on the human gut microbiome

  Habitual diet Gluten-free diet Wilcoxon test p value
A) Plasma
 Citrullin (mol/L) 45.60 (38.15–51.50) 48.00 (36.35–56.85) 0.9328
 IL 1 Beta (g/L) 1.60 (0.68–2.10) 1.23 (0.79–1.68) 0.8870
 IL 6 (g/L) BDL (BDL–1.60) BDL (BDL–0.38) 0.1240
 IL 8 (g/L) 6.04 (2.89–12.61) 5.41 (3.34–11.19) 0.9030
 IL 10 (g/L) 0.83 (0.74–1.01) 0.83 (0.74–0.97) 0.9322
 IL 12P70 (g/L) 1.53 (0.95–1.78) 1.53 (0.95–2.11) 0.2131
 TNF Alpha (g/L) 0.56 (BDL–4.33) BDL (BDL–5.13) 0.9761
B) Feces
 Chromogranin A (nmol/g) 10.85 (7.69–23.09) 11.44 (7.37–27.18) 0.8128
 Beta Defensin 2 (ng/g) 24.90 (18.78–35.03) 26.10 (20.03–46.90) 0.5256
 Calprotectin (g/g) 21.55 (BDL–42.88) 13.05 (BDL–31.28) 0.0528
 Acetate (mol/g) 24.37 (17.35–34.34) 23.61 (18.58–35.12) 0.8651
 Propionate (mol/g) 7.55 (4.24–10.98) 6.84 (4.67–9.07) 0.6986
 Butyrate (mol/g) 6.86 (3.53–10.63) 6.48 (4.27–10.40) 0.8882
 Valerat (mol/g) 1.09 (0.74–1.76) 1.24 (0.79–1.70) 0.6824
 Caproat (mol/g) 0.28 (0.05–0.85) 0.21 (0.04–0.66) 0.2488
  1. None of the differences were statistically significant. BDL = below detection limit