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Table 1 Comparison of maternal dietary intake in pregnancy

From: The early infant gut microbiome varies in association with a maternal high-fat diet

  Study cohorta (n = 138) US averageb Recommendedc Cohort versus US averaged (p value)
Fiber (g) 24.9 ± 13.2 15.8e >25 g 0.001
Intake of fat (%) 33.1 ± 6.1 33.0e 20–35 0.92
Added sugar (g) 59.6 ± 42 68.8f <25 g 0.01
  1. aValues represent the mean and standard deviation of the cohort’s dietary intake per day. Dietary information was not captured for 19 mothers
  2. bUS average for reproductive-aged women (19–39 years) in the US reported
  3. cInstitute of Medicine recommendations [29]
  4. dSignificance determined by Student’s t-test
  5. e“What We Eat in America”, NHANES 2011–2012 [59]
  6. fData from Ervin and Ogden [60]