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Table 2 Characteristics of groups segregated by extremes of maternal fat intake

From: The early infant gut microbiome varies in association with a maternal high-fat diet

  Control groupa (n = 13) High-fat groupa (n = 13) p b
Intake of fat (%) 24.4 (18.4–26.8) 43.1 (39.3–55.2)a <0.001
Added sugar 74.9 ± 37.4 50.9 ± 28.2 0.076
Fiber 33.1 ± 17.9 25.2 ± 11.8 0.197
Pre-pregnancy BMI 28.2 ± 7.7 24.2 ± 5.5 0.21
Gestational age 37.9 ± 3.9 38.0 ± 3.1 0.96
Gestational diabetes 1 (7.7 %) 4 (30.8 %) 0.32
Excess gestational weight gain 5 (38.5 %) 5 (38.5 %) 0.99
Preterm (delivery <37 weeks GA) 1 (7.7 %) 2 (15.4 %) 0.99
GBS positive 2 (15.4 %) 1 (7.7 %) 0.99
Cesarean delivery 3 (23 %) 3 (23 %) 0.99
Intrapartum antibiotics 7 (53.8 %) 6 (46.2 %) 0.99
Antepartum antibiotics 5 (38.5 %) 4 (30.8 %) 0.99
Chorioamnionitis 4 (30.8 %) 1 (7.7 %) 0.32
Neonate birth weight (percentile) 56.2 ± 25.4 62.5 ± 29.9 0.57
Infant gender (male, female) 7, 6 6, 7 0.99
  1. aValues represent group average and range
  2. bSignificance determined by Student’s t-test or Fisher’s exact test where appropriate
  3. GA gestational age