Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Subgroup analysis of breastfed and not currently breastfed children at time of collection. Permutational analysis of variance using Bray-Curtis dissimilarity matrices

From: Ethnic and diet-related differences in the healthy infant microbiome

  F-Model R2 Pr(>F) F-Model R2 Pr(>F)
Currently breastfed
 Ethnicity 15.43 0.104 0.001 18.01 0.112 0.001
 Age 1.78 0.014 0.13 2.43 0.015 0.02
 Delivery mode 1.06 0.015 0.38 NA   
 Antibiotics during pregnancy 1.32 0.009 0.21 NA  
 Antibiotics during labor 3.16 0.023 0.009 NA  
 Vegetarian status 5.69 0.040 0.001 2.17 0.01 0.04
 Gestational diabetes 1.05 0.007 0.36 NA   
 Years lived in Canada 10.39 0.070 0.001 NA  
 Time of introduction of solid food 4.88 0.066 0.001 NA  
 Formula at collection 0.72 0.007 0.65 NA  
 Formula in the first year 2.81 0.02 0.009 NA  
 Cow’s milk in the first year 0.94 0.008 0.43 NA  
 Weight gain in the first year 7.26 0.05 0.001 3.55 0.02 0.008
 Birth weight 2.74 0.019 0.01 NA   
Not currently breastfed
 Ethnicity 16.10 0.074 0.001 11.54 0.06 0.001
 Infant age 2.46 0.012 0.02 2.14 0.01 0.03
 Time since weaning 3.20 0.019 0.002 NA   
 Delivery mode 1.03 0.010 0.40 NA  
 Antibiotics during pregnancy 2.10 0.010 0.049 NA  
 Antibiotics during labor 1.54 0.008 0.15 NA  
 Vegetarian status 3.76 0.019 0.002 NA  
 Gestational diabetes 1.27 0.006 0.22 NA  
 Years in Canada 12.79 0.062 0.001 NA  
 Time of introduction of solid food 2.25 0.035 0.006 NA  
 Formula at collection 1.63 0.009 0.11 NA  
 Formula in the first year 2.48 0.013 0.01 NA  
 Cow’s milk in the first year 0.88 0.005 0.55 NA  
 Weight gain in the first year 2.25 0.01 0.03 NA  
 Birth weight 2.20 0.011 0.03 NA  
  1. NA not applicable