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Table 1 Mean and standard deviation (SD) of energy, protein, carbohydrates, and fat intake during the gluten-free diet (GFD) and habitual diet (HD). g = grams, en% = energy %

From: The influence of a short-term gluten-free diet on the human gut microbiome

  GFD (n = 12) HD (n = 12)  
Nutrient Mean SD Mean SD p value
Energy (kcal) 1709.5 344.0 1811.5 433.9 0.243
Protein (g) 73.1 18.4 78.1 18.2 0.401
Protein (en%) 17.1   17.2   
Carbohydrates (g) 211.1 50.3 199.9 63.2 0.275
Carbohydrates (en%) 49.4   44.1   
Fat (g) 63.7 18.1 72.5 24.3 0.109
Fat (en%) 33.6   36.0