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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants according to intervention groupa

From: Calorie restriction improves metabolic state independently of gut microbiome composition: a randomized dietary intervention trial

  ICR (n = 49) CCR (n = 46) Control (n = 52) pb
Sex, n (%)
 Men, n (%) 25 (51.0%) 24 (52.2%) 25 (48.1%)  
 Women, n (%) 24 (49.0%) 22 (47.8%) 27 (51.9%)  
Age, years 49.4 ± 9.0 50.8 ± 7.8 50.6 ± 7.1 0.71
Weight, kg 96.4 ± 15.8 93.0 ± 16.0 93.3 ± 13.3 0.39
BMI, kg/m2 32.0 ± 3.7 31.2 ± 3.9 31.1 ± 3.6 0.46
Subcutaneous adipose tissue, cm3 12822 ± 4267 12167 ± 3985 11945 ± 3845 0.55
Visceral adipose tissue, cm3 4818 ± 1889 5012 ± 2183 4943 ± 2267 0.96
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 139.4 ± 18.7 136.3 ± 16.9 136.0 ± 12.5 0.47
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 87.2 ± 9.9 87.4 ± 8.6 87.8 ± 7.3 0.93
Glucose, mg/dL 92.7 ± 7.5 94.3 ± 7.6 93.5 ± 7.4 0.69
HOMA-IR 2.7 ± 1.3 3.0 ± 1.8 3.0 ± 1.8 0.58
Triglycerides, mg/dL 130.0 ± 83.8 122.5 ± 67.1 145.0 ± 85.5 0.31
Cholesterol, mg/dL 205.0 ± 30.8 204.6 ± 39.8 211.8 ± 36.1 0.42
  1. an = 147. Values are means ± SD. ICR — Intermittent calorie restriction, CCR — Continuous calorie restriction
  2. bANOVA comparison between intervention group for all variables except sex. p-value for sex is from chi-square test for the comparison of the distribution of sexes across intervention groups. Values are reported only for participants gut microbiota data at baseline